The Baharna (بحارنة) are an Arab ethno-linguistic group who mainly inhabit the historical region of Eastern Arabia and the Gulf area. They are generally regarded by scholars to be the original inhabitants of the Bahrain archipelago. Regions with most of the population are in Eastern Arabia (Qatif, Ahsa, Awal), with historical diaspora populations in Qatar, Kuwait, Emirates, Oman, Iran and Iraq. Some Bahrani people are citizens in other countries such as the United States, England, Scotland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, Denmark, Sweden and Norway. 
- "Social and Political Change in Bahrain Since the First World War" (PDF). Durham University. 1973. pp. 46–47.
- Holes, Clive (2001). Dialect, Culture, and Society in Eastern Arabia: Glossary. ISBN 978-9004107632.